Beverage Guide, Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Beverage, Wines and Spirits, Liquors, Liqueurs, Beers, Sodas, Juices and Aperitif
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage
Is any potable liquid which is either alcoholic or alcoholic-free, derived from the Latin word " BIBERE " Its refers to liquids meants for drinking purposes, classified into the following categories:
Natural Still Wine
Are sometimes referred to as table wine, and are basically the product of grape fermentation without addition of sugar or alcohol. Natural fermentation stops when is no more sugar to convert to alcohol or when the alcohol reaches 14% by volume. Thus, table wines may have as little as 7% alcohol but never more that 14% ( many table wines, however, are created by stopping fermentation by unnatural means, such as by heat, by adding sulfur dioxide, and by removing the yearst through sterile filtration) It comes in three colors: White, Red, Rose.
Are considered the king of all beverages. Undergoes a second fermentation inside the bottles which it the sparkle of these wines, carbon dioxide, are formed, hence when the bottle is opened it effervesce, bubbles are produced the best example of this wine is champagne. The method of making Champagne was developed by a monk called Dom Perignon during 18th century. One of the very best Champagne is name after him.
Spirits / Distilled Wines
Are alcoholic beverages containing a significant amount of distilled ethanol? The five major source of alcohol of spirits are grain, plant and fruit liquor, liqueur and bitters. Spirits made from grain include whiskey, vodka, grain neutral spirits and compounded liquors such as gin and aquavit. Good quality spirits contain 40% to 45% alcohol. They can be served straight, on the rock, highball, mixed with water, ice cold and as basis ingredients of a cocktail.
Type of Liquor
Is the spirits distilled from grapes wine and those distilled from fruits are called fruit brandy, It is aged in oak casks are usually bottled at 80 proof (a measurement of alcoholic strength or content).
Produced from the region of cognac they called cognac. All brandies produced outside cognac they called brandy. The different between cognac and brandy is the cognac can called brandy but brandy cannot called cognac and they are different processing method: The cognac is a product of double distillation and brandy outside cognac mostly are single distillation.
A brandy known for its smoothness and heady dry aroma is produced only in the cognac region of France. Cognac, by the definition and by international law, is brandy produced from grapes grown in the district of Cognac.
Is distilled from a fermented mash of grain(usually corn, rye, barley or wheat) and then aged in oak barrels. During the aging period whiskey obtain its characteristic amber color flavor and aroma. The major whiskey producing countries are: United State, Canada, Scotland, and Ireland.
1) Bourbon Whiskey
Is distilled from a mash of grain containing not less than 51% corn and is normally aged in 4 years in new charred oak barrels. It is amber in color and full-bodied in flavor. When distilled in Kentucky it is usually referred to as Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey. Bourbon is named for Bourbon Country in Kentucky where this type of whiskey originated. It is also produced in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Missouri.
Is distilled from the fermented juice of sugar cane, cane syrup and molasses at less than 190 proofs (160 proof New England Rum) and bottled not less than 80 proofs. It is aged in uncharred barrels where it picks up very little coloring: Dark rums often have caramel added to them for color. Most rum are blends of several aged rums, ranging from heavy, pungent type to light, brandy like varieties selected for special aroma flavor and odor.
1) Light Bodied Rums - dry with only a very slight molasses flavor, available in 2 varieties, white and gold label (or Light and dark), the gold or dark is a little bit sweeter with a more pronounced taste.
2) Heavy Bodied Rums - darker and sweeter and has a pungent bouquet, body and flavor, these rums are distilled by a different and slower fermentation process which allows more time for a fuller, richer molasses like body to developed
Distilled from grain and receives its flavor and aroma from junifer berries and other aromatics such as coriander, orris, lemon peel, etc, It is colorless, but some brands may have a golden color because of the aging process in the barrels. Every gin producer has its own special recipes. Gin sold around the world at 80 proofs is bottled in this country at proof varying from 80 to 94 proofs.
1) Dry Gin - merely signifies that the lacks sweetness
2) Vacuum Distilled Gin - distilled in a glass lined vacuum still at low 90 degree Fahrenheit capturing only the light, volantile flavor and aroma without the bitters found in some gins.
3) London Dry Gin - originated in England and now considered as generic term and may appear on American made gins as well dry gin from England are inclined to be little heaver bodied.
4) Golden Gin - dry gin aged in wood where it acquired its golden color.
5) Holland, Geneva or Schiedam Gins - are importanted from Holland, where gin originated and are highly flavored and rich in aromatic oils, they do not mix well with other ingredients in cocktails.
6) Old Tom Gin - is an English gin that has been sweetened with sugar syrup. Is a sweet gin usually flavored with orange, lemon or mint.
most versatile of all alcoholic beverages, highly refined and filtered liquor distilled at or above 190 proof, bottled at not less than 110 proof. It was originally made in Russia, from potatoes, but in the U.S, it is usually distilled from grain primary corn and wheat. The subtle differences between various vodka result from the types of grain used and the distilling and filtering processes employed. Most American vodka is filtered through activated charcoal. Is not aged, it is colorless and virtually tasteless and odorless.
1) Flavored Vodka - An American originated product. Excellent straight or in mixed drinks, it has been sweetened and flavor, usually with orange, lemon, lime mint, or grape. It is usually bottled at 70 proofs.
2) Flavored Vodka - a polish vodka in which a bit of special “buffalo" grass is steeped. This European grass gives the vodka a light yellow color and a slight aromatic bouquet; it can be made at home by buying buffalo grass from an herb company and it in vodka.
Is the national drink of Mexico, distilled from the fermented sap of century plant, a type of cactus ( Maguey or Mescal Plant ).
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